Brown to black. The Giant Vinegaroon is a species of whip scorpion - they have long whip-like tails that do not sting at all. Vinegaroons have heavy mouthparts (pedipalps) that are formed into pincers. The first pair of legs is long and thin and is used like antenna to feel their way around. The next three pairs of legs are used for walking. The abdomen is attached widely to the cephalothorax. They can grow up to 6 inches, including front legs and whip-tail.
GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Southern and southwestern United States. Outdoors among debris on soil, under logs and rotting wood.
Other arthropods, slugs, and worms.
LIFE CYCLE/SOCIAL STRUCTURE:
Mating is indirect and involves the deposition of a spermatophore by the male. Eggs are carried in a sac by the female. Young ride on female's back until the 1st molt, when they disperse. Young are colorless.
It gets its name from the vinegar (acetic acid) that it emits to scare away predators.
Vinegaroons are nocturnal and have poor vision, relying on sensing vibrations to locate prey. Other common names include "vinegarroon," "vinegarone","grampus," and "mule killer."
STATUS IN WILD: