Yellow-naped Amazon Parrot
SPECIES: ochrocephala auropalliata
Forehead and crown green; variable yellow band across lower nape and hind neck. Bill is dark gray, paler towards base of upper mandible.
GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Along Pacific slope of Central America from eastern Oaxaca, southern Mexico to north-western Costa Rica. Found in only 5 countries: Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Belize and Costa Rica.
Fruits, seeds, nuts, berries, blossoms, and probably leaf buds.
LIFE CYCLE/SOCIAL STRUCTURE:
Probably nests in the hollow of a live tree on a layer of chips. Eggs: 3 ovate, glossy. Most parrot species have both parents participating in incubating, feeding, and teaching nestlings and fledglings.
They are strong fliers and fly quite high when traveling long distances. Call is a reiterated screeching; also a variety of metallic shrieks and whistling notes.
The Yellow-Napped Amazon is thought to be a separate species of the Yellow-Crowned Amazon parrot which is a well known member of the genus. This parrot is very popular as a pet due to its prowess as a "talker". It's often taken as a nestling for the pet trade. The trade in wild-caught parrots is one of the primary reasons that so many species of them are endangered. The few wild-caught birds remaining alive(after being captured and smuggled) are sold at high prices, but traumatized from their ordeal and often beset by illnesses or psychological issues.
One male is used in our Zoomobile education program and is not viewable by the public.
STATUS IN WILD:
Loss of habitat through large-scale deforestation is the primary pressure adversely affecting these parrots. Also, the mortality rate for wild-caught parrots (captured and smuggled into the "legitimate" pet trade) apporoaches 90%, making the pet trade an exacerbating factor threatening these birds. Generally abundant but in specific localities over-hunted as pets. On Appendix II of CITES (threatened).