Yellow-naped Amazon Parrot
SPECIES: ochrocephala auropalliata
Forehead and crown green; variable yellow band across lower nape and hind neck. Bill is dark gray, paler towards base of upper mandible.
GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE AND HABITAT:
Along Pacific slope of Central America from eastern Oaxaca, southern Mexico to north-western Costa Rica. Found in only 5 countries: Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Belize and Costa Rica.
Herbivorous. Fruits, seeds, nuts, berries, blossoms, and probably leaf buds.
LIFE CYCLE/SOCIAL STRUCTURE:
Probably nests in the hollow of a live tree on a layer of chips. Eggs: 3 ovate, glossy. Most parrot species have both parents participating in incubating, feeding, and teaching nestlings and fledglings.
They are strong fliers and fly quite high when traveling long distances. Call is a reiterated screeching; also a variety of metallic shrieks and whistling notes.
The Yellow-Napped Amazon is thought to be a separate species of the Yellow-Crowned Amazon parrot which is a well known member of the genus. This parrot is very popular as a pet due to its prowess as a "talker". It's often taken as a nestling for the pet trade. The trade in wild-caught parrots is one of the primary reasons that so many species of them are endangered. The few wild-caught birds remaining alive(after being captured and smuggled) are sold at high prices, but traumatized from their ordeal and often beset by illnesses or psychological issues.
The Yellow-naped Amazon Parrot is part of our education animal collection and is not on exhibit.
STATUS IN WILD:
Loss of habitat through large-scale deforestation is the primary pressure adversely affecting these parrots. Also, the mortality rate for wild-caught parrots (captured and smuggled into the "legitimate" pet trade) apporoaches 90%, making the pet trade an exacerbating factor threatening these birds. Generally abundant but in specific localities over-hunted as pets. On Appendix II of CITES (threatened). Listed as Vulnerable by IUCN.
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