New Guinea Walking Stick

Wayne and Gladys Valley Children's Zoo

Location

In the Zoo

Scientific Information

Scientific Name: Eurycantha calcarata
Class: Insecta
Order: Phasmatoptera
Family: Phasmatidae
Genus: Eurycantha

Size

Male

Female

Height:
Length: 4- 5 inches 6-7 inches
Weight:
Maturity:

Lifestyle and Lifespan

Diet: Herbivorous
Activity Timeframe: Nocturnal
Interactivity: Social
Sexual Dimorphism: Yes
Gestation: 4-6 months
Lifespan in the Wild: 12 - 18 months
Lifespan in Captivity: 12 - 18 months

Geographic Range

New Guinea, New Caledonia, and the Solomon Islands.

Conservation

Status in the Wild:
Threats:

Characteristics

The thorny devil resembles bark or rotten wood. The long slender body ranges from pale green to brown. It is robust and well-armoured with numerous spines on both body and legs. The male has enlarged femurs on the hind legs with one large, curved spine or thorn on the underside of each leg. Females have a larger abdomen ending in an ovipositor, or egg-laying organ. Both sexes are wingless.

Species Specifics

This is a large semi-terrestrial (as an adult) wingless rainforest species belonging to a family of insects commonly referred to as “phasmids”. This family name means “ghost” or “apparition” and is comprised of stick and leaf insects. They resemble sticks, twigs, bark, or leaves.

Physical Characteristics

This well armored walking stick is heavy bodied and is adorned with spines on it's body and legs.

Ecology

Habitat

Forested areas where it is found in foliage and ground litter. They prefer the warmth and high humidity provided by tropical rainforests.

Distribution

Diet

Leaves of the forest including ficus, bramble, raspberry, rose, and guava. All stick insects are vegetarian.

Ecological Web

This type of insect provides food for many animals. Many of the phasmids have a specific niche or limited variety of vegetation.

Activity and Behavior

Activity Pattern

Stick Insects are mainly nocturnal (active at night). During the day, they may hide, motionless, under plants, but because of their superior camouflage, they can often sit in the open and remain unseen.

Behavior

Social Behavior

They have a very interesting behaviour for a phasmid; they migrate from foraging areas to form groups of individuals when resting during the day. They congregate in clusters to hide under bark and in hollows of logs and trees. This provides protection from predators. Like other types of stick insects they use crypsis (camouflage) and catalepsy (feigning death).

Reproductive Behavior

Males actively compete for females. The female uses her ovipositor to lay eggs in soft soil. They resemble plant seeds covered by a hard shell. Incomplete metamorphosis takes place with nymphs hatching in about four months. They are about 30 - 40 mm long and brown in colour. The vulnerable nymphs crawl up food plants to congregate at the top. After about five to six sheddings over four to six months, they attain their full size.

Offspring

Females can lay one egg a day to every other day.

Conservation

Status

Historical

Current Threats

Our Role

Exhibit and Educate

How You Can Help

Fascinating Facts

The male has enlarged hind leg femurs with a curved spine or thorn on the underneath side, large enough to be used as a fish hook in New Guinea.

References

Animal Diversity Web: Eurycantha calcarata: http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Eurycantha_calcarata/classification/

Animal Diversity Web: Eurycantha calcarata: http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Eurycantha_calcarata/classification/

Fort Wayne Children's Zoo: http://kidszoo.org/our-animals/thorny-devil-stick-insect/#tab-id-2

P.O. Box 5238

9777 Golf Links Road Oakland, CA 94605