Location in Zoo
Lifestyle and Lifespan
This scorpion is black all-over, except for the telson (tip of the tail with the stinger), which is reddish brown. Like all arachnids, it has 8 legs attached to the cephalothorax, and an enlarged pair of pincher-like pedipalps. Males have bigger pinchers and a longer tail than females. Two eyes are situated at the front of the carapace, and 2 to 5 eyes are along the side of the carapace.
The common name, Asian Forest Scorpion, is used for multiple scorpions in the genus Heterometrus. In addition, there are a couple of synonymous common names for this species (H. longimanus) as well, including the Asian black scorpion, Black scorpion and the Black emperor scorpion. The name Black emperor is sometimes used synonymously with a completely different scorpion in a different genus, Pandinus imperator, native to Africa. There are as many as 8 subspecies of Asian forest scorpion.
The Asian forest scorpion uses hairs on their pedipalps and a comb-like structure called pectines (situated on the ventral side of scorpion, right behind their last pair of legs) to feel around and obtain sensory information.
The Asian forest scorpion is found on the rainforest floor, beneath logs and other debris as shelter.
Not enough information is known to determine population number, density, and home range of the Asian forest scorpion.
The Asian forest scorpion will eat crickets, insects, and spiders.
The Asian forest scorpion helps to control the population of insects and arachnids through predation. It may also be prey to other animals.
The Asian forest scorpion retreats beneath logs during the day and hunts at night.
Aggressive posturing in Asian forest scorpions, as well as all scorpions, is exhibited by having the pincers on the pedipalps open.
This species is territorial and does not live socially.
During courtship, the male leads the female back and forth with his pedipalps. He will deposit a sperm package on the ground and the female moves over it. She will pick it up with an organ on her abdomen.
Once the offspring hatch, they will be carried around on their mother’s back until their first molt. After that, they disperse.
The Asian forest scorpion is not listed on the IUCN redlist or the CITES appendices.
This species was formally described in 1800.
Exhibit and educate.
Scorpions also reside here in California! If you take a night hike, bring along a black light and shine it on the side of the trail. Scorpions will glow in the dark due to a compound in their exoskeleton. You can then record it on the iNaturalist app!
Scorpions are technically not an insect, they're arachnids.