Lifestyle and Lifespan
Chilean Rose Tarantulas have a dark brownish black body covered with orangey-pink hair. They have 8 hairy legs, 2 pedipalps (additional legs used as sensory organs and manipulators), and small hairs covering the cephalothorax and abdomen. Can reach 5 or more inches in size. The female lacks the mating fingers, or claspers, on the front legs which the male uses to hold the female until he can mate. Females are also larger and heavier than males, while males have longer legs.
The Three-Toed Box Turtle has a tan or olive carapace with darker seams and some vague markings. They also have orange, red and yellow spots on their head and forelimbs.The defining characteristic of this turtle is its toes. It has three toes on its back feet, thus why its known as the Three Toed Box Turtle. Hybrid Three Toed Box Turtles who have been interbred with Common Box Turtles sometimes have four toes instead of three. Sexual Dimorphism: males are larger. Males are slightly larger on average, the posterior lobe of their plastron is concave, and the claws on their hind legs are short, thick and curved. Males also have thicker and longer tails. Females' rear claws are longer, straighter and more slender, and the posterior lobe of their plastron is flat or slightly convex. There are four subspecies of Terrapene carolina in the United States. Terrapene carolina bauri (Florida Box Turtle) lives on the peninsula of Florida. Terrapene c. major (Gulf Coast Box Turtle) ranges from the panhandle of Florida westward along the Gulf cost to eastern Texas. Terrapene c. triunguis (Three-toed Box Turtle) lives in the Mississippi River Valley from northern Missouri southward across southeastern Kansas and eastern Oklahoma into southcentral Texas; and southeastward across western Tennessee and Georgia to the coastal lowlands.
Chilean Rose Haired Tarantulas have tiny hair-like structures called urticating bristles. These hairs are actually barbs that can be used as a defense. When threatened, a tarantula can use its legs to flick these loosely-attached bristles onto a predator, causing an irritating, and sometimes itchy or painful sensation.In addition to their 8 legs, tarantulas also have a pair of pedipalps. Pedipalps are small pairs of arm-like appendages near the front of the spider. They act like a pair of arms than can manipulate prey or silk. The inner tips of the pedipalps are equipped with hairs that act as filters when the spider is sucking in liquefied food. The foremost appendages on the cephalothorax are called chelicerae, which consist of a thick base and moveable fangs. They are equipped with venom glands and small teeth to mash prey. The tarantula's paralyzing venom is injected into prey through the fangs to aid hunting. After the prey is paralyzed, the tarantula will inject digestive enzymes into the prey which liquefy the insides. The tarantula then eats the resulting liquid. Their venom is not dangerous to humans. On the rear of the abdomen, these tarantulas also have spinnerets, which are used to create silk for mating, or to create a protective barrier in the spider's burrow.
Desert and dry scrubland
Habitats: Found mostly in the Eastern United States, Box Turtles occur as far north as Michigan and Maine, South to Florida, and as far West as Texas and Kansas. Found rarely above 1,000 feet in elevation, preferring low land habitats where water collects. Commonly associated with deciduous forests having high leaf litter and moisture these turtles are often located near rivers, streams, ponds, lakes and other bodies of fresh water, however, they are not good swimmers.
They primarily eat insects or invertebrates, occasionally eating small vertebrates.
Tarantulas help control the population of smaller insects and act as a low-level predators.
Chilean Rose Tarantulas live in burrows in the ground which they have dug or found abandoned by rodents. Their burrows are lined with silk produced by the spiders. They don't make aerial or food catching webs. Immature tarantulas molt up to 4 times per year; adult females molt once a year throughout their adult life.
The gecko will lick its eye to clean it from dust and other particles.
Solitary. Although monitors are not social, neither are they territorial. Bipedal ritual combat has been observed in the trees during the breeding season. Since their tails are so important, they defend their tails, rather than use them as whips. Black Tree Monitors in the wild are reported to be nervous and high-strung; they will flee if threatened, and if handled carelessly, will scratch, bite and then defecate on the offender.
Mating takes place at various times according to the species, usually in the fall from September to October. Males begin by creating a 'sperm web' consisting of dense webbing injected with his own sperm. He then attaches this web to his own pedipalps before searching for a female. Once he has found a female, he will tap and vibrate the webbing in the entrance of her lair to lure her out. Once she is near the entrance, he will lunge forward and use his legs to hold her chelicerae and push her into an upright position. Then he uses his pedipalps to inseminate her through her epigyne, which is an external reproductive organ. Once mating is complete, the male will continue to search for females, while the female may or may not attack and attempt to eat him. A few weeks after mating, the female will create an egg sac, which consists of eggs wrapped in a protective silk layer.
The Chilean Rose Hair Tarantula deposits between 100 and over 500 eggs each year.
This animal has not yet been evaluated by the IUCN.
Due to a widespread, consistent and persistent decline of the species, the ICUN considers the Box Turtle to be a Vulnerable Species. The decline is associated with anthropogenic causes, or manmade causes centering on urbanization. Agricultural use of pesticides within a shared water shed has negatively impacted young turtle survivability due to malformed eggs. Introduction of synanthopic predator species, (species who live near and benefit mutually from human settlement and urban habitats) such as ravens, coyotes and raccoons, are increasing in numbers as humans continue to urbanize.
Introduced Non-Native, Domestic, and Invasive Species
Please be aware of the pets you choose to buy. Never get a pet that has been taken from the wild and never return a pet to the wild. Be aware of pesticide applications so as to not poison native animals that benefit your ecosystem. Finally, be conscious of your trash and waste so as to not attract unwanted animals such as ravens.
Since tarantulas routinely molt their entire exoskeleton, any dropped limbs can be regenerated after 1 or 2 successful molts
Tarantulas have a resting heart rate of 30-40 beats per minute, which can speed up to 200 beats per minute when active.
Of all the Gerrhosaururidae lizards (Plated lizards) they are the most armored.
"Chilean Rose Tarantula - Woodland Park Zoo Seattle WA." Chilean Rose Tarantula - Woodland Park Zoo Seattle WA. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.
"Rose Haired Tarantula." Maryland Zoo. N.p., 31 Aug. 2015. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.
"Home." Grammostola rosea. Saginaw Zoo, n.d. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.