Crowned Lemurs

Children's Zoo

Body 15 inches Tail 19 inches
Body 15 inches Tail 19 inches
3.5-4.5 pounds
3.5-4.5 pounds

20 months
20 months

Geographic Range

Madagascar's most Northern Region

Scientific Information

Scientific Name:
Eulemur coronatus

Lifestyle and Lifespan

Activity Time Frame:
Sexual Dimorphism:
126 days
Lifespan in the Wild:
20 years
Lifespan in Captivity:
27 years


Habitat Loss


Named for its distinctive orange coloration that appears crown-shaped on its head, this species of lemur also features differing body coloration that helps to distinguish males from females. Males are much darker reddish brown with dark tails and a black streak amidst the orange on their heads. Females are mostly gray with an orange crown and white bellies.

Species Specifics

Until recently, the crowned lemurs were grouped as a sub-species of the mongoose lemur.

Physical Characteristics

Two very helpful features are the "tooth comb"and the long tail. The tooth comb are the 6 lower incisor teeth that have fused over time. It is used to groom both itself and other lemurs, for maintenance and social bonds. The long tail is used for balance, and warmth.



Dry Forest


Crowned lemurs, like all lemurs, are facing habitat loss and fragmentation, therefore populations are decreasing. The home range is small for crowned lemurs, and they have significant overlap with neighboring groups. These lemurs are found in family groups of about 5 to 6, and are more active during the day. If the group is large enough over 10, during foraging times they will split into small sub groups.


Fruit makes up most of this animals diet, in the wet and dry season. During the wet season they will feed upon some leaves. In the dry season they will occasionally try other items, flowers, pollen and rarely will they try insects.

Ecological Web

There is not extensive study in regards to their impact, as frugiovers and nectivores they are natural seed disperses, and pollinators for forest plants.

Activity and Behavior

Activity Pattern

Crowned lemurs are most active in the day, but can be active at night if necessary.


Crowned lemurs have adapted to the presence of humans and have stretched their habitat choices to humid forests and the canopies which are different than the preferred dry forest or coastal edges. Also as in all primates various forms of communication is important. Crowned lemurs use a variety of sent, visual and auditory forms to communicate in various situations.

Social Behavior

All lemurs operate in a matriarchal "female dominated" society, giving females more leverage in food and mate selections. When the family groups are together it mixed male and female. The group size can vary 5 to 15 members, during feeding this can be broken down into smaller groups. Specialized vocalizations are used to communicate over distances while the full group is separated for feeding.

Reproductive Behavior

Mating usually occurs in May and June, resulting in births around September and October. The earlier births will coincide with rainy weather and richer food availability. Individual and twin births are equally common. Nursing last for 5 to 6 months


1 to 2 infants



They are listed as a priority in terms of IUCN's conservation concern taxa. Today, conservation measures aim toward better management of these four reserves and educating local communities.


Current Threats

Our Role

Oakland Zoo is a partner of Centre ValBio, on the edge of Ranomafana National Park in eastern Madagascar. Centre ValBio promotes world-class research while encouraging local environmental conservation and providing local villagers with the knowledge and tools to improve their quality of life. Oakland Zoo staff and volunteers have traveled to Centre ValBio multiple times to assist with these missions.

How You Can Help

Fascinating Facts

Male ring-tailed lemurs put smells from glands in their bottoms on their tails and wave them at rivals.