Lifestyle and Lifespan
Naked dorsal tibia makes it unique from other Pteropus. Pale patch of fur on chest. Head is furred in dark brown to yellowish brown. Males are larger in size.
This species has strong senses of smell, hearing, and sight. They primarialy use smell and vision for finding food.
Forests, orchards, coconut palm groves. Island endemic.
Will travel 8 km from roost site for food.
Feeds on wild and cultivated fruit in both primary and secondary tropical forests and rural gardens and plantations.
Bats are very important pollinators and seed distributors.
During hot days, this species will flap its wings, lick its chest, and pant to cool off. During cool or rainy weather, they will completely wrap both wings around their body to conserve body heat.
Will form colonies of up to 5,000 individuals.
Many females will form a harem with one male during the breeding season. During the gestation period, pregnant females will group together and care for one another. Birth during April and May.
Listed as Least Concern by the IUCN, however in the Philippines it may be Near Threatened because of human predation and habitat loss. Listed on Appendix II of CITES.
The historical trends of this species are not known for South Asia.
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Lubee Bat Conservancy. "Island or Variable Flying Fox." lubee.org/bats/our-bats/island-flying-fox/.
Red List. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. "Pteropus hypomelanus." www.iucnredlist.org/details/18729/0.
Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Animal Program Database. "Flying Fox, Island SSP." ams.aza.org/eweb/DynamicPage.aspx?
"University of Michigan. Animal Diversity Web. ""Pteropus hypomelanusvariable flying fox."" animaldiversity.org/accounts/Pteropus_hypomelanus/."