Lifestyle and Lifespan
Parrots are birds who are generally found in tropical habitats in the Americas, Africa, and Australia. Many make a range of vocal calls and can mimic sounds. Their feet are zygodactyly, with two toes in front and two in the back. They are highly intelligent both in terms of logic and social behavior.
The red-bellied parrot is a medium sized parrot. The male red-bellied parrot is distinguished by a deep orange belly, ash-brown upper parts and bright pale bluish rump. The female has a gray upper breast, pale green lower breast sometimes tinged with orange, and a head that is paler and grayer than a male's. Both sexes have red irises, dark gray beaks and gray feet.
The zygodactyly feet of the red-bellied parrot, with two toes in front and two toes in back, help it to perch on branches of all diameters. The curved beak makes easy work of any fruit or seed.
Dry bush areas and acacia woodlands
There are some seasonal movements but no great migration.
Fruits, seeds and grain.
As a fruit-eater, spreading seeds is an important role the red-bellied parrot holds. They ingest seeds and as they fly around their range, their droppings help new plants and trees to grow.
Like most reptiles, activity is temperature dependent, preferring conditions that are moist, humid, and warm. Ideal temperature is 80-95°F and they are more active during rainy periods and immediately after it has rained. During drought, turtles may spend time in burrows and in excessive heat turtles will seek out shallow pools of water to soak in. In fall months turtles are observed basking in the sunlight for energy. In Northern climates turtles will enter hibernation in late October. In places like Florida, turtles are active year around.
A swift bullet-like flight just below tree-top level accompanied with a shrill screech is characteristic of this bird.
Red-bellied parrots live in pairs or family groups of up to 4 birds. They will nest in hollow trees or termite mounds.
Though sexual maturity is reached at 1 year of age, breeding may not occur until 3 or 4 years of age.
A clutch will consist of 1-3 ivory white eggs which hatch after 28 days. Newly hatched chicks weigh 0.2 oz. Chicks will leave the nest after 63 days and be fully independent after 12-14 weeks.
Red-bellied parrots are listed as Least Concern by the IUCN. They are listed on Appendix II of CITES.
Due to a widespread, consistent and persistent decline of the species, the ICUN considers the Box Turtle to be a Vulnerable Species. The decline is associated with anthropogenic causes, or manmade causes centering on urbanization. Agricultural use of pesticides within a shared water shed has negatively impacted young turtle survivability due to malformed eggs. Introduction of synanthopic predator species, (species who live near and benefit mutually from human settlement and urban habitats) such as ravens, coyotes and raccoons, are increasing in numbers as humans continue to urbanize.
Introduced Non-Native, Domestic, and Invasive Species
The Oakland Zoo has red-bellied parrots on exhibit to teach the public about this special bird. The Oakland Zoo is also partnered with Mickaboo Companion Bird Rescue which works to rescue and re-home abandoned parrots. Many parrots are taken from the wild or bred in captivity for selling in the illegal pet trade. Mickaboo and the Oakland Zoo educates the public about the benefits of rescuing your next pet, not buying it.
If you are interested in having a parrot as a pet, do extensive research before deciding. Parrots are long-lived birds, and may outlive many humans. They require lots of stimulation, enrichment, and attention.If you are determined in getting a parrot, please consider getting a rescued parrot as opposed to a young/baby parrot to avoid the risk of getting a parrot that was smuggled from the wild (a very traumatic experience for birds) and supporting the illegal pet trade. The Oakland Zoo is a conservation partner to Mickaboo Companion Bird Rescue, a good organization from which to adopt.
Also known as the Orange-bellied Parrot, Red-breasted Parrot, Abyssinian Parrot.
The Iriquois and other Native Americans used them for food, medical, ceremonial, burial and hunting purposes.
Of all the Gerrhosaururidae lizards (Plated lizards) they are the most armored.
Juniper, Tony and Mike Parr. Parrots: A Guide to the Parrots of the World. 1998. Yale University Press, p.383.
BirdLife International. 2016. Poicephalus rufiventris. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T22685312A93067459. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22685312A93067459.en. Downloaded on 22 September 2017.
World Parrot Trust, 2017. "Red-bellied Parrot (Poicephalus rufiventris)." https://www.parrots.org/encyclopedia/red-bellied-parrot. Downloaded on 29 September 2017.
Mickaboo, 2017. http://www.mickaboo.org/